The majority of all web attacks in 2018 targeted sites of financial institutions, transportation companies, hospitality and entertainment companies
Positive Technologies today released a new research report, Attacks on Web Applications: 2018 in Review , which lists the main threats to modern web resources. The analysis, covering over a million attacks¹, used web attack statistics collected by Positive Technologies Application Firewall.
For this research, experts selected 140,000 attacks which targeted specific sites and created an attack chain². These chains make it possible to identify the attackers' steps.
The study showed that the three most common attacks are simple and effective: SQL Injection, Path Traversal, and Cross-Site Scripting³. However, the experts noted some peculiarities for specific sectors.
The share of Information Leakage attacks has also doubled. This is an attack that is especially prevalent with government websites, making up 67 percent of attacks. Malicious actors often use these attacks to analyze systems, determine system version and configuration, and access service information. Once attackers have that information, they can stage targeted attacks.
The experts also note that government institutions’ websites are still exposed to dangerous attacks aimed at gaining server control and stealing database information. This means gaining control of the attacked website, having access to the OS and to all files on the server.
Positive Technologies experts assert that all websites, regardless of sector, are attacked daily. In the case of a targeted attack, it is possible to correlate the different stages and reconstruct the attack chain. A chain can contain dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of events a day. The report concludes that the greatest daily number of attack chains per application was found on the sites of financial institutions (151 chain) compared to other industries. Having visibility of the whole attack chain enables businesses to have a holistic overview of hacks to localize threats and protect resources more effectively.
Leigh-Anne Galloway, Cyber Security Resilience Lead at Positive Technologies , says that risk-wise, web applications of financial institutions are different from the rest. "Even the risks related to sites compromised are high. For instance, if the official bank site is used to distribute malware or stage phishing attacks, customers will be the first to be hit. Attacks on customers tops the list of attacks on web applications of financial institutions. As regulation has leveled the playing field between fintechs and digital challengers, traditional banks’ market dominance is being threatened. Customers now have more choice on who to bank with and are more brand agnostic. This means traditional banks risk losing customers if their systems are not robust and secure."
Transportation companies rank second in the number of attack chains (135 a day), right after financial institutions. Their web resources support online payments, for instance, for buying tickets. This attracts hackers interested in users' payment cards.
Next on the list of most attacked web resources were hospitality and entertainment companies with 114 attack chains a day. Attackers are drawn to the valuable personal and payment data these industries have at their disposal to hack.
"Increasingly, the attacks target the personal and payment data of customers. Most of 2018’s attacks (42%) were aimed at data theft. We also see attacks aimed at infecting a site with malware, which allows the hackers to reach more victims and use vulnerable sites for targeted attacks ," said Galloway.
¹Most of discovered attacks were automated scans which were excluded from consideration.
²A single chain can contain dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of events a day.
³The first two attacks provide the attacker with access to information from databases and to server files. Cross-Site Scripting is an attack on users often used for phishing.